What type of DC motor is used in traction?
The motors used are induction or asynchronous motors designed to have characteristics suitable for traction. The speed and torque of the motor are controlled by varying the frequency, voltage and current applied to the stator coils. Motors for a typical locomotive would be in the range 400 to 600 kW.
Why are the DC series motors mostly used in traction applications?
DC series motor has been the most used solution for the traction of locomotives, trolleybuses, trams and others, characterized by a speed and torque control using additional resistances, which means a low efficiency, electromechanical contactors, high maintenance costs, dynamic braking in resistances.
Which motor is most suitable to use in the traction?
3. AC Series Motor: Many single phase ac motors have been developed for traction purposes but only compensated series type commutator motor is found to be best suited for traction. Single phase induction motors have been abandoned as they are not capable of developing high starting torque.
Which motor is used in traction?
Explanation: DC motors are used for traction as, according to the characteristics of DC motors speed is inversely proportional to torque and square of armature current as well, if linear magnetization is concerned. Thus, DC motors are perfectly suitable for traction.
What are the applications of DC series motor?
In portable applications using battery power, DC motors are a natural choice. DC machines are also used in applications where high starting torque and accurate speed control over a wide range are important. Major applications for DC motors are: elevators, steel mills, rolling mills, locomotives, and excavators.
What type of DC motor is most suited for traction and why?
DC Series motor maintenance cost is less. When DC series motor are running in parallel the all motors share almost equal load. Torque obtained by DC series motor is smooth and uniform, so it improves riding quality. DC series motor develops high torque at start which is an essential requirement of traction service.
Why the DC motors are preferred over AC motor?
Because DC motors have higher starting torque compared to AC motors, they are preferred for applications like electrical traction. They are considered ideal for dealing with heavy loads for starting conditions in machines such as locomotives and cranes.
What type of motor is used for electric traction Why?
DC motors are used on trains is because of their high torque and good speed control. Compared to AC motors, DC motors can provide industry applications with a fine balance of strong starting torque and controllable speed for seamless yet precise performance.
Why induction motor is used in traction?
This is the most important feature of traction motor provides opportunity for saving on energy but also smoothness in braking, saving on wear and tear in mechanical braking system. An Induction motor works as a generator if mechanical speed is more than the synchronous speed.
Which DC motor is preferred for constant speed?
Que 28. Which D.C motor is preferred for machine tools? Explanation: DC shunt motor is a constant speed motor tool machine such as lathe machine requires being run at a constant speed.